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Jan 2019
13:00 UTC
An Introduction to the Carbon Tax
 An Introduction to the Carbon Tax

Led by one of our inaugural conference’s keynote speakers, this webinar introduced listeners to the carbon tax, its uses and overall objectives, and some of the problems it might potentially pose. This webinar, which took place on Thursday, January 10 at 13:00 London GMT, focused exclusively on the carbon tax, a levy on the carbon content of fuels.

Introduced in 2015, the Paris Agreement brought attention back to a broader set of tools to address carbon emissions specifically and climate change more generally — tools that include green financing, green bonds, and environmental taxes, amongst which are included carbon taxes, the most popular form of emissions control.

The Paris Agreement extends commitments to both developed and developing countries, requires all parties to use their best efforts through nationally determined contributions (the voluntary indicator that came to replace binding targets for greenhouse gas emissions) to curb greenhouse gas emissions and to continue to strengthen those efforts in the years ahead.

Introduced in the same year as the Paris Agreement, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) provided the foundation to support the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, through the promotion of the 17 sustainable development goals. Environmental protection is such as important dimension of sustainable development that it features in nine of the seventeen SDGs, while having a specific SDG to cover Climate Action.

The AAAA and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development have emphasized the need for countries to mobilise resources in order to enhance development and to meet the goals. Development resource mobilization is hence key to achieving those goals and environmental taxation might acquire increasing strategic relevance to the extent it is capable of achieving a double positive: increase countries’ revenue collection abilities and obtain an environmental benefit, by providing a price incentive for consumers to change consumption patterns and shift to the acquisition of less carbon intensive products. 

Can a carbon tax provide the ultimate incentive for countries to work on the establishment of a domestic carbon pricing mechanism and subsequently coordinate measures to obtain regional and potentially even global pockets of heightened environmental protection?

Some of the questions covered included the following:

  • What is the carbon tax and how does it work?
  • What countries have a carbon tax and how do they differ?
  • Have some proven to be more effective than others?
  • How effective is the carbon tax in reducing greenhouse gas emissions?
  • How might a carbon tax affect the development of clean energy technologies?
  • Are there any disadvantages to the implementation of a carbon tax?
  • Do carbon taxes have a negative impact on energy prices?
  • And plenty more!

Submit Your Carbon Tax Questions 



Dr. Tatiana Falcão

Dr. Tatiana Falcão,

Policy Leaders Fellow,

School of Transnational Governance, European University Institute,


Tatiana is a Policy Leaders Fellow at the European University Institute’s (EUI) School of Transnational Governance. She is a consultant for the United Nations on tax issues, a member of the United Nations’ Subcommittee on environmental taxation, and is a recurrent contributor to the work of the United Nations, the OECD and the ILO. Tatiana has a monthly column in Tax Notes International and is a regular commentator in international tax topics. Tatiana holds a Ph.D from Vienna University of Economics and Business (Austria), a LL.M from Cambridge University (UK), a LL.M from New York University (USA), and a Bachelor Degree from Universidade Cândido Mendes (Brazil).

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